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Dewan pembina :
Feri Kusnandar, Dr
(Ketua Departemen Ilmu dan
Teknologi Pangan)
Adhi Siswaja Lukman, Ir
(Ketua GAPMMI)

Dewan Redaksi :
Ketua :
Nuri Andarwulan, Prof. Dr
Anggota :
Hanifah Nuryani Lioe, Dr
Lilis Nuraida, Prof. Dr
Maggy T. Suhartono, Prof. Dr
Purwiyatno Hariyadi, Prof. Dr
Yunawati Gandasasmita, Ir. MAppSc

Redaksi Pelaksana :
Dede R. Adawiyah, Dr
Didah Nur Faridah, Dr
Nurheni Sri Palupi, Dr
Nur Wulandari, Dr
Puspo Edi Giriwono, Dr
Siti Nurjanah, Dr
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Kajian Penerapan Peraturan Menteri Pertanian Nomor 53 Tahun 2012 untuk Pengendalian Aflatoksin pada Pala 1(Implementation of Minister Agriculture Regulation Number 53, 2012 to Control Aflatoxin in Nutmeg)

Volume 3(1) : , April 2014
Penulis : Ni Made Vina Citanirmala1, Winiati P Rahayu2,3, Ratih Dewanti-Hariyadi2,3
Institusi :

1Program Studi Magister Profesional Teknologi Pangan, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor 2Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor 3Southeast Asia Food and Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Institut Pertanian Bogor 


Kategori : Hasil Penelitian
Kelompok : Teknologi proses
Bahasa : Indonesia

Abstract

Nutmeg as Indonesia main exported commodity frequently contaminated by aflatoxin and often rejected by European Union. To improve safety of nutmeg, Ministry of Agricultural (MA) issued a regu- lation number 53 in 2012 regarding good practices on nutmeg. The objectives of this research were to (1) evaluate implementation of the MA regulation at nutmeg supply chain in Siau Barat District (2) identify critical points for mold growth and/or aflatoxin formation along the nutmeg supply chain. This research conducted through (1) surveys to 60 farmers, 10 middlemen, 2 exporters and 3 government officials as respondents; (2) identification of critical steps using HACCP decision trees. The evaluation of MA regu- lation showed that at farmer level was poor for postharvest handling (54.4%) caused by lack of facilities and infrastructure (57.2%), although for harvest was moderate (70.4%). At the middleman level, handling practices at postharvest was moderate (62.5%), although not supported with facilities and infrastructure (36.7%). Handling practices at exporter level was generally good, however supervision at government official level was poor (56.3%). Critical control points determined at farmer level were harvesting and drying, at middlemen level were receiving, drying and storage, while at exporter level were receiving and shipment. 



Aplikasi praktis

Hasil penelitian ini dapat dimanfaatkan oleh Kementerian Pertanian dan pelaku usaha pala sebagai informasi untuk meningkatkan sosialisasi Permentan No. 53/2012, bimbingan teknis dan fasilitasi pengolahan terkait pencegahan kontaminasi kapang toksigenik dan aflatoksin. Pengawasan terha- dap tahap kritis saat pemanenan dan pengeringan di tingkat petani, penerimaan, pengeringan dan penyim- panan pada pengumpul serta di eksportir yaitu penerimaan dan pengiriman dapat mencegah kontaminasi kapang toksigenik dan aflatoksin. 


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